Improvement of spatial fibrin formation by the anti-TFPI aptamer BAX499: changing clot size by targeting extrinsic pathway initiation
Parunov LA, Fadeeva OA, Balandina AN, Soshitova NP, Kopylov KG, Kumskova MA, Gilbert JC, Schaub RG, McGinness KE, Ataullakhanov FI, Panteleev MA.
J Thromb Haemost. 2011 Jun 22.
Background: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a major regulator of clotting initiation and a promising target for pro- and anticoagulation therapy. The aptamer BAX499 (formerly ARC19499) is a high-affinity specific TFPI antagonist designed to improve hemostasis. However, it is not clear how stimulation of coagulation onset by inactivating TFPI will affect spatial and temporal clot propagation. Objective: To examine the BAX499 effect on clotting in a spatial, reaction-diffusion experimental system in comparison with that of recombinant activated factor VII (rVIIa). Methods: Clotting in plasma activated by immobilized tissue factor (TF) was monitored by videomicroscopy. Results: BAX499 dose-dependently improved coagulation in normal and hemophilia A plasma activated with TF at 2 pmole m(-2) by shortening lag time and increasing clot size by up to ∼2-fold. The effect was TFPI specific as confirmed by experiments in TFPI-depleted plasma with or without TFPI supplementation. Clotting improvement was half-maximal at 0.7 nm of BAX499 and reached a plateau at 10 nm, remaining there at concentrations up to 1000 nm. The BAX499 effect decreased with TF surface density increase. RVIIa improved clotting in hemophilia A plasma activated with TF at 2 or 20 pmole m(-2) , both by shortening lag time and increasing spatial velocity of clot propagation; its effects were strongly concentration dependent. Conclusions: BAX499 significantly improves spatial coagulation by inhibiting TFPI in a spatially localized manner that is different to that observed with rVIIa.
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